You aren't signed in Sign in or Create your account

we're here to help people whose lives are affected by drugs

Sexually transmitted infections testing & treatment

Testing for an STI can be stressful, but thinking about it is often much worse than doing it. Its over before you know it, and finding out that the testing methods are much less invasive than you may have thought is another big relief.

 There are many advantages to testing, the best thing about having the test is feeling that you are in control of your own sexual health.  Feeling unwell but not sure if you have an STI can leave you feeling stressed and with low self esteem.  A simple course of medication can clear infections in a short space of time.  Other STI's may be a little more difficult to treat, most are curable.  If an infection is not curable, they are all treatable and their development and harm can be slowed down with medications.  The best advice is to make sure that you can prevent all infections.  

hi will provide you with relevant local and national news about testing and  treatment of STIs. 

Sexually transmitted infections can be prevented by using a condom every time you have sex. If you require testing or information about treatment search the data base for your nearest C Card outlet or STI clinic.

The hi at a glance guide to STI's

Chlamydia (bacteria)

How you get it  - Sexual intercourse, oral sex and close genital contact.

Symptoms  - 80% of women and 30% of men have no symptoms at all.  Women: Burning sensation when urinating, vaginal discharge, abdominal pain, bleeding between periods or after sexual intercourse.  Men: burning sensation when passing urine and a discharge from the penis.

Prevention  - Use a condom for sexual intercourse and a dental dam or flavoured condom for oral sex and genital contact.

Treatment  - Antibiotics.

 

Gonorrhoea (bacteria)

How you get it  - Sexual intercourse, oral sex and close genital contact.

Symptoms  - Men: burning sensation when urinating, a yellowish discharge from the penis, swollen testicles, itching or sore throat.  Women: vaginal discharge, abdominal pain and a burning sensation when urinating.  80% of women have no symptoms.

Prevention  - Use a condom for sexual intercourse and a dental dam or flavoured condom for oral sex and genital contact.

Treatment  - Antibiotics.

 

Syphilis (Bacteria)

How you get it  - Sexual intercourse, oral sex and close genital contact.

Symptoms  - 3 stages:  1st sores appear on the genital area, 2nd a rash may develop with flu like symptoms, 3rd damage to the heart, brain and vital organs.

Prevention - Use a condom for sexual intercourse and a dental dam or flavoured condom for oral sex and genital contact.

Treatment  - Early treatment with antibiotics is advised to prevent complications.

 

Non-Specific Urethritis (bacteria, viral, or parasitic)

How you get it  - Sexual intercourse, oral sex and close genital contact.

Symptoms  - Burning sensation when urinating.  Discharge from vagina, penis, urethra or anus.

Prevention  - Use a condom for sexual intercourse and a dental dam or flavoured condom for oral sex and genital contact.

Treatment  - Antibiotics or antivirals or antiparasitic tablets.

 


Herpes (virus)

How you get it  - Sexual intercourse, oral sex and close genital contact.

Symptoms  - Herpes is mainly an invisible infection, but some people may have sores, blisters or ulcers on the mouth, genital area or anus.

Prevention  - Use a condom for sexual intercourse and a dental dam or flavoured condom for oral sex and genital contact.

Treatment  - No cure.  Antiviral tablets ease symptoms and promote healing.  NB can be infectious even with no symptoms.

 


Hepatitis B (virus)

How you get it  - Sexual intercourse, oral sex, close genital contact, MTC, saliva.

Symptoms  - Hepatitis is a virus that attacks the liver.  Symptoms can include nausea, loss of appetite and jaundice.

Prevention  - Use a condom for sexual intercourse and a dental dam or flavoured condom for oral sex and genital contact.

Treatment  - Vaccine available.

 


HIV (virus)

How you get it  - Sexual intercourse, oral sex, MTC, blood to blood contact.

Symptoms  - May have no symptoms initially.  See fact sheet 1 for more details.

Prevention  -. Use a condom for sexual intercourse and a dental dam or flavoured condom for oral sex and genital contact. See hi HIV section for more information & details.

Treatment  - No cure available.  Medication available to control and suppress the virus.

 


Pubic Lice (parasite).

How you get it  - Close body contact.

Symptoms  - Small crab-like creatures and nits in pubic hair.  Itching, particularly at night.

Treatment  - Lotions applied to the affected area.

 

Trichomonas (parasite).

How you get it  - Sexual intercourse and oral sex.

Symptoms  - Frothy vaginal discharge, itching and burning sensation when urinating, and a foul odour.  Men may have irritation inside penis, mild discharge or slight burning after urination or ejaculation.

Prevention  - Use a condom for sexual intercourse and a dental dam or flavoured condom for oral sex.

Treatment  - Anti-parasitic tablets.

Newsletter



Roweena Russell, E: roweena@hiwecanhelp.com , T: 079 57 57 6305
© 2011 Curb Office Ltd (hiwecanhelp V2) All rights reserved
hi times newsletter